Recent variations and trends in potential evapotranspiration (PET) over India
Keywords:Potential evapotranspiration, PET over India, Annual PET, Seasonal PET, Monthly PET, Trends in PET
Thirty years meteorological time series data (1971-2000), for twenty two well distributed locations in India, have been utilized to compute potential evapotranspiration using FAO recommended Penman-Monteith equation. Annual, seasonal and monthly PET trends have been studied using linear trend analysis technique. Suitable graphs have been plotted to study the variations and changes in PET trends and to identify the specific periods as and when significant changes occur.
The mean annual PET has been found to be lowest (1100 mm) at Buralikson and highest (2109 mm) at Bellary. Out of twenty two locations, significant decreasing trend in annual PET has been observed at seventeen locations and no significant trend at five locations. The mean annual dEo/dt over India has been found to be -9.36 mm/year. Linear relationship has been obtained to quantitatively estimate annual dEo/dt, at a given location, using annual PET range. Non linear relationships have been obtained (a) to quantitatively estimate the mean monthly dEo/dt values over India, (b) to quantitatively estimate the average cumulative dEo/dt values over India (mm/year) up to any particular month and (c) to quantitatively estimate the contribution (percent) towards average annual dEo/dt over India, up to any particular month.
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