Verification of district level weather forecast
Keywords:NWP model, Multi-model ensemble, District level weather forecast, Indian summer monsoon, Medium range quantitative forecasts, Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa
IMD started issuing quantitative district level weather forecast upto 5 days on operational basis from 1st June, 2008. The products comprise of quantitative forecasts for seven weather parameters, viz., rainfall, maximum and minimum temperatures, wind speed and direction, relative humidity and cloudiness. The rainfall forecast is generated based on multi model-ensemble techniques (MME). For other parameters, ECMWF forecasts (presently IMDGFS) are used. These forecast products are further value added, by the respective MCs/RMCs and forwarded to 130 Agrometeorological Field Units (AMFUs) for preparation of weather based District Agromet Advisory Service bulletin. This Meteorological Monograph describes the performance skill of the operational district level weather forecasts over different parts of India rainfall during monsoon and temperature during winter and summer from 2012-14. The Monograph also highlights limitations and future scope for further improvement of the MME models. The verification results show weather forecasts are reasonably accurate and value addition has improved the accuracy of model forecast. Though the MME model could predict the weather in hill regions in the North but in other regions having some hilly areas, the same could not come true in respect of temperature. North East region of the country shows very less accuracy due to its predominantly humid sub-tropical climate with hot, humid summers, severe monsoons and mild winter.
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