Numerical simulation of a tropical Storm boundary layer





Boundary layer, Tropical storms, Axisymmetric vortex


A model has been designed to study the surface boundary layer of a tropical storm. The numerical method consists of solving a two point boundary value problem for two systems of simultaneous non-linear differential equations by finite differences. A Stoke's stream function suitable to represent the flow both in interior and exterior regions of a tropical storm boundary layer has been developed. The advantage of the method is that the, boundary layer of the tropical storm can be studied starting from the outer region to the centre of the storm without neglecting non-linear terms. In addition, there IS no need for assumptions on the vertical profiles for tangential and radial velocities. The method is stable and converges within a few iterations. The flow above the friction layer is represented by a steady axisymmetric vortex in gradient balance. To investigate the effect of turbulence- on boundary layer characteristics, turbulence has been represented by four different variations of the eddy coefficient of viscosity with no slip boundary conditions. Computations have been performed 1aking 40-grid points in the vertical direction. It is observed that, if the eddy coefficient of viscosity is assumed to vary with the superimposed flow above the boundary layer, the solutions compare favourably well with observations. The solution also shows an outflow from the Inner core of the boundary layer which is necessary for creation of an eye of the storm.




How to Cite

J. . MANDAL, “Numerical simulation of a tropical Storm boundary layer”, MAUSAM, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 259–268, Jul. 1992.



Research Papers