Analysis of rainfall trends over Tripura


  • RANJAN PHUKAN India Meteorological Department, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Pune – 411 005, India
  • D. SAHA India Meteorological Department, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Agartala – 799 009, India



Rainfall, Rainy days, Heavy rainfall, Mann-Kendall test, Tripura


Rainfall in India has very high temporal and spatial variability. The rainfall variability affects the livelihood and food habits of people from different regions. In this study, the rainfall trends in two stations in the north-eastern state of Tripura, namely Agartala and Kailashahar have been studied for the period 1955-2017. The state experiences an annual mean of more than 2000 mm of rainfall, out of which, about 60% occurs during the monsoon season and about 30% in pre-monsoon. An attempt has been made to analyze the trends in seasonal and annual rainfall, rainy days and heavy rainfall in the two stations, during the same period.Non-parametric Mann-Kendall test has been used to find out the significance of these trends. Both increasing and decreasing trends are observed over the two stations. Increasing trends in rainfall, rainy days and heavy rainfall are found at Agartala during pre-monsoon season and decreasing trends in all other seasons and at annual scale. At Kailashahar, rainfall amount (rainy days & heavy rainfall) is found to be increasing during pre-monsoon and monsoon seasons (pre-monsoon season). At annual scale also, rainfall and rainy days show increasing trends at Kailashahar. The parameters are showing decreasing trends during all other seasons at the station. Rainy days over Agartala show a significantly decreasing trend in monsoon, whereas no other trend is found to be significant over both the stations.





How to Cite

R. . PHUKAN and D. . SAHA, “Analysis of rainfall trends over Tripura”, MAUSAM, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 27–36, Mar. 2022.



Research Papers