Analysis of extreme high temperature conditions over Gujarat


  • KAMALJIT RAY India Meteorological Department, New Delhi – 110 003, India
  • J.R. CHINCHOLIKAR India Meteorological Department, Meteorological Centre, Ahmedabad, Airport – 387 245, India
  • MANORAMA MOHANTY India Meteorological Department, Meteorological Centre, Ahmedabad, Airport – 387 245, India



Extreme, Temperature, Gujarat, Heat wave, Global warming


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 One of the  fallouts of the global warming is the increase in frequency of extreme events like cyclones, heavy rainfall, flood, droughts and heat waves etc, across different parts of the world on varying scale/intensity. Climate variability and occurrence of extreme weather events are the major concerns for socio-economic well being of the region. During the period March to May 2010, Gujarat experienced moderate to severe heat wave condition with record number of days with heat waves in most of the districts of Gujarat. This study was undertaken to analyze the decadal climatology of extreme high temperature conditions over Gujarat. The decadal analysis carried out in the study indicated that the number of moderate heat wave days and severe heat wave days are highest in the last decade as compared to earlier three decades in more than 70 per cent of the stations. The districts of Ahmedabad, Baroda, Rajkot, Banaskantha (Deesa) and Sabarkantha (Idar) show increase in moderate heat waves in the last decade (2001-2010). Various IMD Stations like Baroda, Deesa, Kandla and Idar have recorded all time highest temperatures in the last decade. The summer maximum temperature anomalies of five non coastal stations of Gujarat also indicate a high positive anomaly (upto 4 °C) prevalent in the last decade. The paper also analyses the synoptic condition during the severe heat wave of May, 2010.




How to Cite

K. . RAY, J. . CHINCHOLIKAR, and M. MOHANTY, “Analysis of extreme high temperature conditions over Gujarat”, MAUSAM, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 467–474, Jul. 2013.



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