Sector wise echoes study and climatology around Jaisalmer
Keywords:Thunderstorm, Mesoscale, Frequency, Echoes, Sectors, Convective
The capability of Weather Radar to see through the thunder clouds and rain has made it a unique observation tool for remotely surveying the atmosphere. Pulsed radar technique has been applied with remarkable success to map the rain field of various duration and intensities along with movement of storms in real time within the effective detection range of radar. It is a very good tool for forecaster to provide better warning for impending storms and heavy rainfall over the area under radar surveillance and thereby losses due to storm can be minimized while their benefits can be continued like water resource management. In the present work attention has been focused on conducting a comprehensive study of frequencies of occurrence of echoes around Jaisalmer up to 200 km from radar site and the surrounding of it has divided into four equal sectors, i.e., sector-1 (NW, 270°-360° ) , sector-2 (NE, 0°-90°) , sector-3 (SE, 90°-180° ) and sector-4 (SW, 180°-270°). Total number of echoes under the study was 28918 for the period from 19th April, 1993 to 31st December, 2010. Total number of echoes analyzed in Sector-1, were 5441(18.8%), in sector-2, number of echoes analyzed were 9554(33.0%), in sector-3, number of echoes analyzed were 9479 (32.8%) and in sector-4, number of echoes analyzed were 4444(15.4%). Radar echoes to be classified month-wise and the lowest number of average echoes observed in the month of December was 0.4%, in the month of November 0.5%, in October and March 1.6% and in the month of January and February 2.0% .The highest number of annual average echoes observed in the month of July was 30.1% followed by August 24.6%, June 17.2%, May 8.3%, April 6.3% and September 5.8%. Height wise echoes analyzed and the highest number of echoes found for 3 km in all the four sectors were 29.0% and the lowest were for 16 km as 0.2%.
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