Precipitation regionalization of southwest monsoon by hierarchical cluster analysis
Keywords:Precipitation regionalization, Coherent monsoon rainfall zones, Hierarchical cluster analysis
An attempt has been made to identify coherent zones of southwest monsoon rainfall over the Indian region by employing hierarchical cluster analysis. Examination of dendrograms produced by different fusion strategies revealed the presence of 13 nuclei clusters of meteorological subdivisions. Formation of these nuclei clusters could be interpreted by their average principal component (PC) scores and associated synoptic features of PCs. Higher level inter-nuclei joinings have occurred in various fusion strategies to produce different types of clusters of subdivisions.
A flexible strategy providing well separated groups of meteorological sub-divisions has been found to be suitable. The method has identified six homogeneous regions of rainfall over India. The meteorological subdivisions have been found to be evenly distributed in these coherent zones. The clustering obtained by this method has been reasonable and largely interpretable.
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