Global Ensemble Forecast System (GEFS T1534) evaluation for tropical cyclone prediction over the North Indian Ocean
Keywords:Tropical cyclone, North Indian Ocean, GEFS, Verification
The high-resolution global ensemble prediction system was implemented at IITM (Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology) in June 2018 and handed over to India Meteorological Department (IMD) for operational running. During the Tropical Cyclone (TC) season over the North Indian Ocean, real time forecasts of ensemble tracks, intensity and strike probability of TCs are provided to IMD. This paper evaluates the skill of the model in predicting TCs during 2018, 2019 and two cases in 2020. A total of 13 cases are considered and various skill scores are calculated for the TC predictions. This study evaluates and highlights the importance of the Ensemble Prediction System for Tropical Cyclone forecasting. The key finding from this analysis is that, the higher skill of ensemble prediction system based on GEFS at longer lead time compared with the deterministic prediction. This is particularly beneficial for operational forecaster for issuing early warnings.
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