Assessing pre-monsoon and monsoon rainfall change signal with future projection over Gangetic West Bengal
Keywords:Gangetic West Bengal, Monsoon, Pre-monsoon, Projected rainfall
Monsoon rainfall is the dominant factor that determines the success or failure of agriculture in general. Gangetic West Bengal is not any exception. Monsoon rainfall has immense importance for growing kharif rice in this region. Whereas pre-monsoon rainfall helps farmers for proper crop planning like choosing variety etc. So assessing a long (1901-2005) and short (1961-2005 and 1991-2005) period rainfall data, its comparison with different models and construction of future scenario have utmost importance. For this purpose, rainfall data from nine selected station of India Meteorological Department were collected and subjected to trend analysis. Model outputs were compared with the observed station data. Results showed an overall negative trend of pre-monsoon rainfall during 1901-2005. However, increasing trend in monsoon rainfall was noticed during the same period. In future scenario, monsoon rainfall indicates a nominal increase (~6%) whereas pre-monsoon rainfall increases in moderate amount (~11%). So, from the study it may be said that in near future farmers and crop planner should give more importance in pre-monsoon rainfall for better crop planning and other stake holder activities.
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