Precipitation simulation of synoptic scale systems over western Himalayan region using Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) model
Keywords:Western Disturbance (WD), Snow Avalanches, Advanced Regional Prediction System and Automatic Weather Station (AWS)
Operational weather prediction over western Himalayan region is a challenging job due to scarcity of data and complex topography that interacts with approaching weather system. Accurate prediction of complex weather phenomena requires dense data network which is difficult to establish in mountain due to complex terrain and hostile weather conditions over Himalaya. The alternate method to overcome this problem is by ingesting three-dimensional meteorological variables from global model’s analysis and forecast values as initial and lateral boundary conditions in meso-scale numerical models. Simultaneously, data assimilation is a potential tool in which non-conventional [satellite, radar and Automatic Weather Station (AWS)] and conventional (surface and upper air observations) data are ingested in the numerical models to generate high resolution and accurate initial fields for the initialization of the mesoscale model. In the present study, Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) model has been used for the prediction of synoptic weather system known as Western Disturbance (WD) that affects the weather of western and central Himalaya during winter period (November – April).The ARPS model has been selected for this study because the model has its own objective analysis and quality control system. It has the capacity to ingest the satellite, Doppler weather radar data and other types of observations. Its assimilation system can also be used to overcome the problem of data scarcity in Himalayan region. In this study, initial and lateral boundary fields are taken from the T-80 spectral global model operationally used at National Centre for Medium Range Prediction (NCMRWF), Noida (UP), India. The global model’s analysis was taken as the initial condition and 24 hour’s interval forecasts as lateral boundary conditions. The model has been used for the simulation of few WDs for 96 hours (Four days). The comparison of ARPS simulation with T-80 forecast shows that the ARPS model could produce better results in respect of the circulation of WDs and hence it can be utilized for the operational weather prediction over the Indian region.
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