Clustering technique for interpretation of cloudburst over Uttarakhand


  • KAVITA PABREJA Maharaja Surajmal Institute, GGSIP University, New Delhi, India
  • RATTAN K. DATTA Mohyal Educational Research Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India



Data mining, Cloudburst, k-means clustering, Numerical weather prediction, Sub-grid scale weather systems


Data Mining has been used extensively in various business and scientific applications for last few years. Data mining has been found to be providing a deep insight into understanding the hidden facts in huge databases. Data mining is an interdisciplinary subfield of computer science that discovers patterns in large data sets by using methods at the intersection of artificial intelligence, machine learning, statistics, and database systems. In this paper, data mining technique for Interpretation of Weather Forecasts for one of the most disastrous weather phenomenon viz. cloudburst has been applied. Every year, cloudburst over hilly areas and coastal regions causes loss of lives and property. The forecasting and warning of these events is very difficult. There is no satisfactory technique for anticipating the occurrence of cloudbursts because of their small scale. A very fine network of radars is required to be able to detect the likelihood of a cloudburst and this would be prohibitively expensive. The warning of cloudburst could only be provided at a small lead time say a few hours in advance based on the interpretation of latest satellite imagery data, powerful radar (Doppler category), if available, or by using Model Output Statistics (MOS) models. Another dimension to forecasting this weather event has been identified by applying clustering technique on primary data forecasted by global and regional models of weather forecasting. A recent case of Cloudburst over Uttarakhand that caused a huge loss has been analyzed using k-means clustering technique of data mining. It has been observed that with the mining of Numerical Weather Prediction model forecast data, the signals of formation of cloudburst can be found3-4 days in advance.




How to Cite

K. . PABREJA and R. K. . DATTA, “Clustering technique for interpretation of cloudburst over Uttarakhand ”, MAUSAM, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 669–676, Jul. 2016.



Research Papers