Variability and probabilistic estimates of rainfall extremes In Bangladesh during the southwest monsoon season
Keywords:Rainfall, Probabilistic, Variability, Maximum, Minimum, Distribution pattern, Temporal, Extreme
The present study describes the temporal and spatial distributions of mean monthly rainfall and its variability together with the spatial distributions of the probabilistic estimates of rainfall extremes over Bangladesh during the- southwest monsoon season. The- probabilistic rainfall extremes have been computed for IWO lime scales: (a) in I year out of 4 years, and (b) in 1 year out of 10 years -representing relatively less extreme events and extreme events respectively. The mean monthly rainfall increases from June to July at most places over Bangladesh and then decreases up to September. The variability of rainfall decreases with increasing rainfall up to July at many places and then increases up to September. The study also reveals that the mean rainfall and the- probabilistic rainfall extremes are maximum over the southern and north-eastern parts of the country where the variability of rainfall is low and the rainfall is reliable. There exists a belt of low rainfall over the- central part of Bangladesh roughly between 23oN and 24°N. The rainfall gradients are maximum over north-eastern Bangladesh and the gradients of the probabilistic high rainfall are more than those of the probabilistic low rainfall in this area.
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