Numerical investigation of coastal circulation around India
Keywords:Indian Coastal circulation, Reduced gravity model, Role of small islands
A simple wind driven ocean circulation model with one active layer is used to simulate the coastal circulation around India. The close agreement of numerical results to that of the observed fields ind1cate the influence of wind on the coastal circulation. The northward currents along the west coast of India during winter months are dominated by remote forcing from Bay of Bengal; however the southward currents during summer months are less influenced by the remote forcing. The coastaly trapped Kelvin waves which give rise to the remote forcing response are found to be produced by the annual cycle in the local wind of the Bay of Bengal. Equatorial waves do not provide the correct phase of west coast circulation. The island chains of Maldive and Laccadive do not affect the model circulation significantly. But the exclusion of Sri Lanka from the model geometry significantly alters the circulation of southwestern Bay of Bengal during summer months. Some of these findings are already shown by sophisticated multilayer models, e.g., McCreary et al. 1993. However, some of these results are again reproduced here in order to highlight the significance of such simple model and hence the simple model is used for detail study.
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