Statistical interpretation of general circulation model: A prospect for automation of medium range local weather forecast in India
Keywords:Numerical weather prediction (NWP), Generaf circulation model (GCM),, Statistical interpretation (SI), Perfect Prog. Method (PPM), Model Output Statistics (MOS), Quantitative Precipitation (QP), Probability of Precipitation (PoP), MAX (Maximum), MIN (Minimum)
The General Circulation Models (GCM), though able to provide reasonably good medium range weather forecast. have comparatively less skill in forecasting location-specific weather. This is mainly due to the poor representation of 16cal topography and other features in these models. Statistical interpretation (SI) of GCM is very essential in order to improve the location-specific medium range local weather forecast. An attempt has been made at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), New Delhi to do this type of objective forecasting. Hence location-specific SI models are developed and a bias free forecast is obtained. One of the techniques for accomplishing this, is the Perfect Prog. Method (PPM). PPM models for precipitation (quantitative, probability, yes/no) and maximum minimum temperature are developed for monsoon season (June to August) for 10 stations in lndia. These PPM models and the output from the GCM (R-40) operational at NCMRWF, are then used to obtain the SI forecast. An indirect method based upon SI forecast and observed values of previous one or two seasons, for getting bias free forecast is explained. A comparative study of skill of bias free SI and final forecast, with the observed, issued from NCMRWF to 10 Agromet Field Units (AMFU) during monsoon season 1993, has indicated that automation of medium range local weather forecast can be achieved with the help of SI forecast.
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