Relationship between Indian Ocean dipole mode and summer monsoon
Keywords:Indian ocean dipole mode (IODM), Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR), Western pole, Eastern pole, Sea surface temperature (SST)
Utilizing the Indian Ocean Dipole Mode (IODM) and Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) data for the period 1960-2002 the relationships between the IODM and monsoon onset over Kerala and rainfall distribution over the country have been studied. It has been found that stronger/weaker western pole during April-May is associated with delayed/early monsoon onset over Kerala. Stronger eastern pole during March-April seems to be associated with enhanced seasonal (June-September) rainfall over peninsular India. The IODM index of July-August can provide good indications of summer monsoon activity over peninsular India during the withdrawal phase of the monsoon, i.e., during September.
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