Potential for long-range regional precipitation prediction over India
Keywords:Long range prediction, Climate noise, Climate signal, Potential predictability, Seasonal and Sub-seasonal monsoon precipitation
The potential for long-range precipitation prediction over the Indian monsoon region is generally good where climate noise (i.e., variability due to daily weather fluctuations) is small as compared to the climate signal (i.e., variability due to year to year fluctuations in monthly/seasonal means) being in the tropical belt. In order to understand the potential on smaller spatial scales, the ratios of inter-annual variability to that associated with climate noise have been computed for precipitation of four seasons as well as SW monsoon sub-seasons/months over 1656 stations in the Indian subcontinent.
Precipitation in SW monsoon has been found potentially predictable on seasonal as well as intra-seasonal scale. The west coast and contiguous northwest India, part of the 'northeast India are more predictable. Potential for long-range prediction over northwest India is highest during the active monsoon period from July to September. Over eastern peninsula potential for prediction is generally found low whereas over north-central India it is always moderate. Over northern latitudes precipitation due to western disturbances during January to May is potentially predictable. Precipitation over southeast India and Sri Lanka during October to February due to northeast (NE) monsoon shows good potential for long-range prediction. It is manifested that long-range precipitation forecasting schemes for SW monsoon season, sub-seasons and months and for the other seasons over India on point to regional scale have good scope by taking into account the potential predictability at the individual stations as well as at contiguous resemblance areas over the country.
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