Climatology of dry and wet spell over Vidarbha region during monsoon months


  • S. K. SHAHA



Markov chain model, Dry spell, Wet spell, Stationary probability


In this investigation 10-day period-wise simple probability, 10-day period-wise  probability of consecutive dry and wet spells of different lengths, and month-wise different parameters, and properties of Markov Chain Model over Vidarbha region during south-west monsoon months have been studied.


For this purpose, daily rainfall data (1 June – 30 September) of 11 stations covering all the districts of Vidarbha for the period 1960-90 have been utilized.


The study reveals that over Vidarbha during monsoon season (June - September) probability of a day being wet and probability of consecutive wet spell of different lengths are by and large high during the last and first 10-day periods of July and August respectively when the monsoon is at its peak. During the first two 10-day periods in June and last two 10-day periods in September, the probabilities of a dry day and that of consecutive dry spell of different lengths and quite high. During July and August a maximum of 12-14 wet days are expected and wet spell, on an average, lasts for 2 days. Stationary probability of the occurrence of wet day (pi2) is found to be maximum during July making it the most humid month in the monsoon season.




How to Cite

J. . SARKAR, K. . SEETHARAM, and S. K. . SHAHA, “Climatology of dry and wet spell over Vidarbha region during monsoon months”, MAUSAM, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 365–370, Apr. 2001.



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