Requirement of heat unit and agrometeorological indices in selected wheat growing zones
Keywords:Heat unit, ARI, YMI, AI, Growth stages, Degree days, Tillering, Flowering
Wheat growing ET -stations (viz., Jorhat, Varanasi, New Delhi, Ludhiana, Raipur, Jabalpur, Akola, Bellary, Banswara and Jodhpur) situated in arid to per humid climatic zones were selected. Heat unit and three agromeleorological indices, viz., ARI (agroclimatic rainfall index), YMI (yield moisture index) and AI (aridity index) were computed at various growth stages of wheat crop using latest available five years data for each of the stations. The study revealed that the crop degree days requirement varied from 1580 (at Jorhat) to 2350 (at Akola) with the maximum requirement at tillering and milk stages. All the stations (except Jorhat) recorded ARI values less than 25%, while for the stations in peninsular and western India, the values were even below 10%. Low cumulative YMI values were obtained in peninsular and western India, while high values were observed over eastern India. The wheat crop did not experience any aridity during tillering to flowering stages for all the stations (except Bellary and Banswara). High values of At were observed at early and late crop growth stages. Negative correlation was obtained between AI and ARI with the highest value (-0.89) observed at New Delhi. Depending upon this study, the wheat growing areas were divided into five zones.
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