Determination of relative contribution of different meteorological elements on evaporation
Keywords:Evaporation, Radiation, Relative humidity, Path analysis, Multiple regression
The present study deals with influence of radiation, maximum temperature, hours of bright sunshine, relative humidity and surface wind on evaporation at Calcutta, Pune and New Delhi. Daily data from 1991-94 of January, May, June, July and October have been utilized. Direct and indirect influence of the weather factors have been determined through "path analysis" and discussed. Multiple regression equations have also been developed with evaporation as the dependent variable and the above five weather parameters as independent variables.
The results reveal that radiation and maximum temperature are the two most important parameters which enhance evaporation. Most of their effect is direct though in some cases their interaction with relative humidity or wind also contribute significantly to evaporation. Humidity and surface wind, generally, do not significantly contribute directly to evaporation; their effect is manifested through interaction with maximum temperature, indirectly.
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