Agro-climatic classification in India
Keywords:Agroclimatic zones, Principal component analysis, Eigen vectors, , Crop pattern, Kharif crops
In the present study, principal component analysis has been applied to agroclimatic variables for delineating India into homogeneous agroclimatic zones for kharif crops. The vaTiates chosen were soil moisture, water need of the crops, number of rainy days and radiation. Spatial variability of some of these factors has been discussed. Vector 1 and vector 2 were obtained for each of the three separate sets of the variates and plotted to obtain grid maps. Through a process of successive superimposition of these maps, agro-climatic zones have been obtained.
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