Trends and periodicities in sub-divisional rainfall
Keywords:Rainfall variability, Monsoon rainfall, Annual rainfall, Frequency distribution, Climatic variability, Trend, Power spectrum
The monthly and annual rainfall data for 35 meteorological sub-divisions for the 87-year period (1901-1987) have been used to study the trends and periodicities of monsoon and annual rainfall series. A number of distribution-free statistical tests have been applied to the rainfall series for testing non-randomness. Comparison of the decadewise means with the mean of the whole period showed that, for the country as a whole, the annual rainfall indicated four different climatic periods -two periods of above normal rainfall from 1960-1965 and from 1975 onwards and two periods of below normal rainfall from 1901-1915 and 1965-1975 whereas the monsoon rainfall showed two different climatic periods-a period of below normal rainfall from 1901-1920 and a period of above normal rainfall from 1920 onwards. The series were also subjected to low-passfilters which showed the presence of significant long term trend for a few sub-divisions. The power spectrum analysis for the annual and monthly rainfall series for a large number of sub-divisions showed significant periodicities of 2. 1-3.6 years, which correspond to the frequency range of the QBO. In addition, periodicities of 5.1 to 10.0 years and 19.3 years or more were also significant for a number of sub-divisions.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 MAUSAM
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
All articles published by MAUSAM are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This permits anyone.
Anyone is free:
- To Share - to copy, distribute and transmit the work
- To Remix - to adapt the work.
Under the following conditions:
- Share - copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt - remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even