Variations in intensity and structure of a westward-propagating monsoon depression
Keywords:Monson depression, Westward-propagating depression, Intensity of depression, Structure of depression
The study deals with a monsoon depression which developed over the Bay of Bengal, moved westward across central India and turned into a mid-tropospheric disturbance (MTD) over the northeastern : corner of the Arabian Sea. Its interactions with the thermal fields associated with the basic monsoon, subtropical westerly troughs and a new depression over the Bay of Bengal are examined. Evidence suggests the involvement of all the three factors in causing the observed variations in its intensity and structure. The low pressure system turned into a mid-tropospheric disturbance when it re-entered the warm sector of the basic monsoon field and received increased warm advection from the north to the west of its centre and cold advection from the south to the east in mid-troposphere. The importance of thermal advection is confirmed by computation of a heat budget. The role of condensation heating is also briefly discussed.
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