Network of Automatic Weather Stations : Pseudo random burst sequence type
Keywords:AWS, PRBS, Earth Station
A network of 125 Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) has been set up by India Meteorological Department (IMD) during the year 2006-07 across India. Each station is configured to measure air temperature, hourly maximum temperature, hourly minimum temperature, relative humidity, station level pressure, hourly rainfall and cumulative rainfall for the day, Wind speed and Wind direction. In addition to these parameters, 25 stations provide data for global solar radiation and soil temperature. Five stations also provide soil moisture in addition to soil temperature.
Each station transmits a data stream at an interval of an hour in a Pseudo Random Burst Sequence (PRBS) manner via UHF transmitter and a dedicated meteorological satellite KALPANA-1/ INSAT-3A to the central AWS data receiving Earth Station facility established at IMD, Pune. Mean sea level pressure, dew point temperature, duration of bright sunshine and daily maximum & minimum temperature are derived at the receiving Earth Station. Data archival in near real time is done at the receiving Earth Station. Data dissemination in WMO code form is also done in near real time through Global Telecommunication System.
This paper provides technical description of various sub-systems of PRBS type Indian Automatic Weather Station network including instrument, satellite transmission technique, sensor characteristics, siting and exposure conditions and performance of a representative station.
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