Analysis of rainfall by using Mann-Kendall trend, Sen’s slope and variability at five districts of south Gujarat, India
Keywords:Mann-Kendall trend, Sen’s slope, rainfall variability
On the basis of past 115 years (1901-2015) rainfall data of five districts of south Gujarat, the Mann-Kendall trend, Sen’s slope and regression slope showed that annual and monsoon rainfall at Valsad, Dang and Surat shows the increasing trend while, that of Navsari and Bharuch districts are declining. The monsoon season (summer monsoon) rainfall variability of Valsad, Dang, Surat, Navsari and Bharuch districts was recorded is 30.1%, 30.9%, 35.9%. 33.3% and 38.6%. The high coefficient of variation (CV) denoted that the variability of rainfall is not equally distributed and the amount of rainfall is lowest. The Bharuch district the annual and monsoon CV per cent denoted that the variability of rainfall in both seasons are very high. Valsad was recorded lowest CV with highest rainfall while the data are represent that variability of rainfall which can varies Bharuch to Dang in different districts of south Gujarat. The data shows that Dang district comes under high rainfall and Bharuch under low rainfall on south Gujarat. A low standard deviation indicates that the data points tend to be close to the mean of the set, while a high standard deviation indicates that the data points are spread out over a wider range of values. Similarly high SD is reported at Dang district because of high range of rainfall and lowest SD is found at Bharuch district because of low rainfall variability. The rainfall distribution different season viz., pre monsoon, monsoon post monsoon and winter season, the highest present contribution of rainfall is observed during monsoon season followed by post monsoon in all the five districts of south Gujarat. Rainfall contribution during remaining months was less than one per cent. While month wise analysis shows during monsoon season highest rainfall per cent contribution to annual rainfall is in July followed by August and June months at all the five districts of south Gujarat.
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