Evolutions of sea level high and warm pool in the southeastern Arabian Sea and their association with Asian monsoons : A study on cause-and-effect relationships
Keywords:Sea level high, Warm pool, Sea surface height (SSH), Sea surface temperature (SST), Mean tidal level (MTL), Salinity, Standardized anomaly
AbstractThe present study aims at gaining more insight into the evolution of warm pool and associated sea level dome in the southeastern Arabian Sea before the summer monsoon onset. The results show that the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) maximum in the warm pool region is found during April close to the southwest coast of India. The Sea Surface Height (SSH) maximum over the same region is observed during December. The collapse of sea level dome begins well in advance during the pre-monsoon whereas the warm pool collapses after the onset of summer monsoon during June. Therefore, there is a lag of about three to four months between the collapses of the sea level high and the warm pool. Most interesting aspect is the dramatic increase of SST from September and SSH from October which is continued throughout the post monsoon season (October - December). Therefore, both the collapse and evolution of warm pool are dramatic events before and after the summer monsoon. There are considerable variations in the intensity of warm pool and the height of sea level dome on interannual scale. The variation during El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) epoch of 1987-88 has revealed many interesting features. During El-Nino year 1987 the warm pool intensity reached its peak in June whereas during La Nina year 1988 the warm pool attained its maximum intensity much earlier, i.e., in April.
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