Observed and model simulated inter-annual variability of the Indian monsoon
Keywords:Monsoon modeling, GCM simulation of monsoon rainfall, SST-monsoon relation
The Center for Ocean-Land-Atmosphere (COLA) general circulation model has been integrated seven times with observed global sea surface temperature (SST) for the years 1979-98. The model-simulated annual cycle, the seasonal mean and the interannual variability of the summer monsoon rainfall and circulation over the Indian region are compared with the corresponding observations. It if found that, although this model has shown remarkable success in simulating the local and global response of tropical SST anomalies, the model shows poor skill in simulating the interannual variability of monsoon rainfall over India. While it is true that the correlation between the observed tropical Pacific SST and the Indian summer monsoon rainfall for the most recent 20 years itself is considerably over India is largely related to the systematic errors of the model in simulating the climatological mean monsoon circulation and rainfall, especially over the oceanic regions.
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