Validation of CERES-Rice v3.5 under the climate of Andhra Pradesh state, India
Keywords:Crop simulation model, Rice, Genetic coefficients
Crop growth simulation models, properly validated against experimental data have the potential for tactical and strategic decision making in agriculture. Such validated models can also take the information generated through site specific experiments and trials to other sites and years. For proper calibration and evaluation of crop simulation models, there is a need for collection of a comprehensive minimum set of data on soil, weather and crop management in all agronomic experiments. Keeping this in view, field experiments were conducted at Rajendranagar (17°19' N, 78°23' E; 542.3 m amsl) during 1994-97 for three popular varieties of rice viz. Sambamasuri, Rajavadlu and Tellahamsa under irrigated conditions and data collected. Genetic coefficients required for running the CERES-Rice v3.5 model were calculated and the performance of the model under the climate of the area was evaluated. The results of the study show that the model simulations of date of flowering for Sambamasuri, Rajavadlu and Tellahamsa were within an average error of 6.2, 5.7 and 6.7 days respectively. Similar errors in predictions of physiological maturity dates were 7.6, 6.7 and 7.2 days. The error in grain yield predictions by the model averaged at 7.9%, 8.3%, and 5.7% respectively for the three crop varieties. These results indicate that the CERES Rice v3.5 model is capable of prediction of grain yield and phenological development of the crop in the climatic conditions of Andhra Pradesh with reasonable accuracy and hence, the model have the potential for its use as a tool in making various strategic and tactical decisions related to agricultural planning in the state.
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