A simple thermodynamical model to estimate the rate of depletion of nocturnal low level inversion layer
Keywords:Inversion, Global radiation, Fog, Thermodynamics, Dispersion of pollutants, Mixing height, Boundary layer, Aviation, Meteorology
The low level inversion, be it that of ground based or elevated, plays a significant role in the dispersion of polluted particles and in aviation meteorology. The rate of rise of the ground based inversion top and the base of elevated inversion causes the decrease of inversion strength and thereby permits vertical mixing of pollutants as the stability of the atmosphere is reduced. A simple thermodynamical model using the global radiation and vertical temperature profile has been proposed to estimate the rate of rise of (i) the ground based inversion top and (ii) the base of the elevated inversion. The depth of inversion thus estimated can be used in the pollution/fog dispersion models. The model is simple and operationally practicable. The limitations of the model are also discussed.
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