Simulation of monsoon depression over India using high resolution WRF Model – Sensitivity to convective parameterization schemes
Keywords:Monsoon depression, WRF model, Track forecast, Heavy rainfall, Forecast error
The monsoon depression of September 2008, which crossed Orissa coast near Chandbali on 16th had contributed heavy rainfall over Orissa, Chhattisgarh and northern India along the track of the system. The sensitivity of three cumulus parameterization schemes viz., Kain-Fritch (KF) scheme, Grell-Devenyi (GD) scheme and Betts-Miller-Janjic (BMJ) Scheme are tested using high resolution advanced version (3.0) Weather Research Forecasting (WRF) model in forecasting the monsoon depression.
The results of the present study shows that the genesis of the system was almost well captured in the model as indicated in 48hr forecast with all three convective parameterization schemes. It is seen that the track of monsoon depression is quite sensitive to the cumulus parameterization schemes used in the model and is found that the track forecast using three different cumulus schemes are improved when the model was started from the initial condition of a depression stage compared to that when it started from the initial condition of low pressure area. It is also seen that when the system was over land all the schemes performed reasonably well with KF and GD schemes closely followed the observed track compared to that of BMJ track. The performance of KF and GD schemes are almost similar till 72 hrs with lowest landfall error in KF scheme compared to other two schemes, whereas the BMJ scheme gives lowest mean forecast error upto 48 hr and largest mean forecast error at 72 hr. The overall rainfall forecast associated with the monsoon depression is also well captured in WRF model with KF scheme compared to that of GD scheme and BMJ scheme with observed heavy rainfall over Orissa, Chhattisgarh and western Himalayas is well captured in the model with KF scheme compared to that with GD scheme and BMJ scheme.
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