Influence of some circulation anomalies on Indian northeast monsoon rainfall
Keywords:Southern oscillation index, Sea surface temperature, Tropical circulation indices, Northeast monsoon, Correlation
The relationship between Indian northeast monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu (TNR) and southeast India (SER) as well as two indices of southern oscillation (SOI), and sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies over different Nino regions of equatorial Pacific Ocean and seven tropical circulation indices (TCI), have been studied for different periods. The study indicates that northeast monsoon rainfall (TNR) shows significant inverse relationship with SOI (I-D) during previous MAM (March- April-May) season. significant direct relationship with SST anomalies over Nino-4 region during previous JJA (June-July- August) and significant direct relationship with TCI (C-N) during previous DJF, The SOI (I-D), MAM correlates I significantly and negatively with both the northeast monsoon rainfall series, the TNR rainfall series displaying the better correlation. The strongest correlation is observed during 1961-90. For SSTA, the strongest correlation is during 1964-85 and for TCI, the highest correlation is observed during 1958-82.
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