DAKSHIN BHARTIYA PADHAR PAR HONE WALI MONSOON WARSHA KA PRADHAN AVYAV VISHLESHAN
The result of the Principal Component Analysis of southwest and northeast monsoon rainfall on the southern India plateau have been discussed. Monsoon rainfall data of five meteorological sub-divisions, i.e., Coastal Andhra Pradesh, Rayalseema, Tamilnadu, Interior parts of South Karnataka & Kerala, for a period of 33 years (1960-92), have been utilized. The results indicate that the rainfall of Coastal Andhra Pradesh and Rayalseema has maximum impact on first principal component of southwest monsoon rainfall of five meteorological sub-divisions. The study of only first principal component is sufficient in order to understand the 49% of total variability of southwest monsoon rainfall. Analysis of first three principal components is important to understand 85% of total variability of the rainfall of this season.
On the first principal component of northeast monsoon rainfall of aforesaid five meteorological sub-divisions the impact of the rainfall of Kerala and south interior Karnataka has been found maximum. In order to understand the 56% of total variability the analysis of first principal component is sufficient.
The special negative relation is found between northeast monsoon rainfall on the Coastal Andhra Pradesh and southwest monsoon rainfall of previous year on this very sub-division and Rayalseema. The principal components of southwest monsoon rainfall may prove useful for forecasting the northeast monsoon rainfall of southern Indian plateau.
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