Excess and deficient summer monsoon rainfall over Orissa in relation to low pressure systems
Keywords:Excess rainfall, Deficient rainfall, Monsoon, Orissa, Low pressure system
A study has been undertaken to find out different characteristics like frequency, intensity, movement, region of occurrence etc. of low pressure systems (LPS) including low, depression and cyclonic storm etc. developing over Orissa and neighbouring sea and land regions during excess and deficient monsoon rainfall months (June – September) over Orissa. The study is based on data of 20 years (1980-1999). The principal objective of this study is to find out the contribution of LPS to extreme monsoon rainfall activity over Orissa.
The number of LPS days rather than frequency of formation of LPS over different regions better explain the excess and deficient rainfall over Orissa. The excess rainfall over Orissa during June is not significantly related with the number of LPS days. Significantly less than normal number of LPS days over northwest (NW) Bay of Bengal and Gangetic West Bengal (GWB) and higher number of LPS days over west central (WC) Bay off north coastal Andhra Pradesh (NCAP) cause deficient rainfall over Orissa during June. While significantly higher than normal number of LPS days over NW Bay and Orissa leads to excess rainfall during July, less than normal number of LPS days over WC Bay off NCAP is associated with excess rainfall during August. The less number of LPS days over Orissa due to less frequent movement of LPS across Orissa from the Bay of Bengal leads to deficient rainfall over Orissa during both July and August. Significantly higher/less than normal number of LPS days over NW Bay leads to excess/deficient rainfall over Orissa during September.
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